Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Kashvi Lalchandani
June 23, 2022
September 2, 2022
1
8
 min read

Riboflavin is also known as Vitamin B2. Riboflavin was first discovered by Alexander Wynter Byth in 1879 in milk.

The next supplement in The Electrain Series is Riboflavin. Have you wonder what makes your urine yellow? Well, it's riboflavin! Riboflavin is also known as Vitamin B2. Riboflavin was first discovered by Alexander Wynter Byth in 1879 in milk. However it was officially named and extracted in 1922. [1]The same riboflavin was also found in eggs and other meat products until it was discovered that it was the same vitamin.

Riboflavin is a part of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which are involved in key regulatory pathways of mitochondria. Flavonoids are a group of plant chemicals that are in fruits and vegetables.[2]Flavonoids have many anti-inflammatory effects and protect cells from oxidative damage. [2]

Ninety percent of riboflavin is found in the form of FMN and FAD. These molecules are specifically used in the citric acid cycle and the electron transport chain as well.[3] FMN is found in complex I of the electron transport chain and FAD is found in complex II of the electron transport chain.[3] Since vitamins such as vitamin B2 play a key in the body, consuming Vitamin B2 or any B vitamins can help you feel better. This is also why receiving vitamin injections can help you feel better and more energized.

FMN is a cofactor for NADH-CoQ which converts NADH to CoQ. FAD carries an electron and is a cofactor for succinate dehydrogenase which speeds up the conversion of succinate to fumarate in the citric acid cycle. If this process doesn’t happen then the ETC will produce superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, nitric oxide, and hydroxyl radicals which will damage the DNA[4]

Riboflavin is considered a vital component of mitochondrial energy production mediated by the  Electron Transport Chain . It is particularly important for the normal production of ATP, which leads to membrane stability and sustaining adequate energy-related cellular functions. A decrease in riboflavin could lead to cataracts, neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases.[5]

[1]https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Riboflavin-HealthProfessional/

[2]https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5447943/#:~:text=Riboflavin%20is%20

[3]considered%20a%20vital,adequate%20energy%2Drelated%20cellular%20functions

[4]https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5447943/#:~:text=Riboflavin%20is%20

[5]considered%20a%20vital,adequate%20energy%2Drelated%20cellular%20functions

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